"The sooner, the better."
It’s a saying that applies to many facets of life, including education on money for children. By introducing sound financial habits early on, you’ll give your child a head start on the path to becoming an informed investor. Here are some creative ideas, as well as book and website suggestions, for raising a financially savvy kid.
ToddlerAlthough it may seem early to begin instilling investment know-how in your child, the first few years of life are critical for mental development. Toys that incorporate counting, such as building blocks, can help your child develop mathematical skills. Other educational toys include:
- LeapFrog Learn & Groove Animal Sounds Guitar.
Through rhythm, rhyme, and sing-along songs, children can rock out while sharpening their counting skills.
- Learning Resources Counting Cookies.
This set of 10 numbered cookies (each with a corresponding number of chips) makes learning to count delicious.
- Chicco Teddy Count-With-Me.
Children can learn their first numbers and words in English and Spanish with this bilingual talking bear.
- Infantino Development Toy, Counting Penguin.
Your child inserts colored fish into a penguin’s mouth and learns to count from 1 to 10.
- ABC 123 Magnetic Poetry Kit.
For older toddlers, these magnets promote learning their letters and numbers.
Ages 5 and over
Board games are an entertaining way to teach kids about managing finances. Monopoly covers all the bases—earning money, saving and spending, capital budgeting, risk and reward, and taxes. This classic game now comes in an electronic banking edition and even as a smartphone or tablet application. Other options for a fun-filled family game night include the Game of Life, Billionaire Tycoon, Moneywise Kids, and Payday.
Ages 8 to preteen
At this stage, many children start to accumulate income from allowances, cash gifts from birthdays and special occasions, and even small businesses, like lemonade stands or shoveling driveways. As your child begins dealing with actual money—no matter how small the amount—talk to him or her about saving and spending. Because many kids in this age group are Internet experts, online games can be an effective teaching tool.
As a teen, your child may take his or her first summer job or build income through part-time work like babysitting. Visit the local bank together and set up personal savings and checking accounts in his or her name. This will give your child a sense of responsibility and help familiarize him or her with different banking transactions. Plus, banks often offer useful resources geared toward young customers.
Prologue to success: books
Books on personal finance kill two birds with one stone: getting children to read while teaching them an important life skill. Full of illustrations on all aspects of money and finance, Neale S. Godfrey’s Ultimate Kids’ Money Book is a great resource for children ages 7–12. For young people ages 13 and up, Growing Money: A Complete (and Completely Updated!) Investing Guide for Kids by Gail Karlitz and Debbie Honig focuses solely on investing.
Written especially for parents, Yes, You Can . . . Raise Financially Aware Kids by Jack Jonathan includes activities that you can do with your child to put financial concepts into practice.
Wired for wealth: online games
One of the best websites on teaching about money for children is www.monetta.com/game.htm, presented by the Monetta Young Investor Fund, a mutual fund that invests in companies familiar to children and teenagers. Although most of the games can be found elsewhere online, the site brings them all together and organizes them by age group. The games are free and range from basic quizzes to more advanced activities.
Of course, there are plenty of other websites that aim to help children build their financial literacy. But, remember, although the Internet can be a valuable tool, it’s no substitute for one-on-one conversations and your own good example.
As with many financial matters, the best advice is to start early. The sooner children learn financial fundamentals, the more likely they are to become informed investors later in life. You may even benefit from learning alongside your child! If there are areas where you could use a refresher, take the time to review those topics as you approach them with your son or daughter.